Whole body cryotherapy in cryo-chamber for treating disturbances in equilibrium and disorders in movement coordination
Physical balance and movement coordination are closely associated with one another in the nervous system. The balance organ located in the inner ear (vestibular organ) can only determine the position of the body in space. For perceiving the position of the entire body and also its individual parts in space additional information is necessary that must be integrated to a whole in the central nervous system with information from the vestibular apparatus. This second information component comes from the visual organ and from the sensors that detect limb position, the proprioceptors. At this point we would like to deal briefly with proprioception and its influencing by cold stimuli.
The sensors that react to stimuli from the “depth” of the body are located in the musculature the tendons, the joint structures and the skin. Proprioception provides neural information about the position and movement of the body and the limbs as well as the level of force that must be exerted by the musculature in order to occupy a certain body or limb position or to maintain erect. A regular (i.e. not disrupted) flow of information from all components of proprioception is an indispensable precondition for the fine-tuned innervation of the muscle groups participating in movement coordination.
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Disruptions in proprioception can occur in many ways:
Inappropriate loading of the joint structures and in the skeletal system
Mobility restrictions of the joints due to inflammation, pains and degenerative changes,
Inappropriate loading of muscles and muscle groups, muscular weakness and hardening, muscular shortening and muscular imbalance
Innervation disorders of the musculature with changes in their tensile state
Immobilization of body parts or indeed the whole body
Connections of the cold afferents with other neural functional pathways, represent the primary preconditions for therapeutically employing cold against disorders in proprioception involving an impairment in coordination. This primary influence becomes effective via the afferent inhibition that describes the mutual influencing of the individual afferent systems. In addition cold acts secondarily, and to a certain extent in a modulating way, on the disrupted systems. This occurs via the inhibition of inflammation, the elimination of the pain, the recovery of the edema and the regulation of muscular innervation.
Both pathways contribute to a situation where secondary damage can be avoided and the problem does not become chronic. Once again, whole body cold can not on its own solve a balance and coordination problem, but it can improve the conditions for active training programs.
- CRYO MEDICAL
- Atopic diseases
- Ankylosing Spondylitis (Bekhterev’s disease)
- Bronchial asthma
- Chronic pains
- Circulatory disorders
- Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
- Immune mediated inflammatory diseases
- Infantil cerebral palsy
- Mental disorders
- Movement coordination
- Multiple sclerosis
- Primary and pain-dependent secondary sleep disorders
- Primary insomnia
- Restless-legs syndrome
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Secondary insomnia
- Spinal syndromes
The information on this page is inspired by the book "Power from the Cold" by Prof. Papenfuß. The author states explicitly in his book that the descriptions in his book (and on this page) are not in any way intended to act as a substitute for the careful clinical indication process and the observation of strict safety measures developed in individual cryotherapy centres, or as a substitute for the indication of whole body cryotherapy in combination with other treatments.